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题目:


the survey of more than 5,000 women with engineering degrees implies that_____
a.it is easy for men to solve the engineering problems
b.it is difficult for women to graduate from top universities
c.men are liable to choose engineering as their university major
d.it is difficult for women to survive the field of engineering

题目:


nadya fouad suggests in the last paragraph that________
a.managers be fully responsible for the uncivil work climate
b.the corporation make women more confident and wiser
c.the company help women settle their family problems
d.the corporation offer women the chance of promotion

题目:

每年农历七月初七,即七夕,是中国的情人节,来自于牛郎与织女的传说。它是中国传统节日中最具浪漫色彩的一个节日,也是中国古代单身女子最快乐的一天。传说在七夕的夜晚,抬头可以看到牛郎、织女的银河相会,或在瓜果架下可偷听到两人在天上相会时的脉脉情话。七夕体现了人们对理想爱情的向往和追求,传承并发扬了中华民族优良的传统美德。

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for some young people, the needless garage
a.is rented by them to make money
b.is seen as a choice of accommodation
c.is perfect to store music instruments
d.is an ideal place to freely host parties

题目:


questions下列are'based on the following passage.
workers with skills in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (stem) are among the most in demand and highest paid.they are seen as key drivers of problem-solving and economic growth, who will help shape the future.and most of them are men.nadya fouad, a professor of educational psychology at the university of wisconsin-milwaukee, and her colleagues surveyed more than 5,000 women who had graduated from some of the top universities with engineering degrees over the past six decades.they found that 40 percent had either quit the field or never entered the profession in the first place.
for more than two decades, women have accounted for about 20 percent of all engineering degrees.yet fewer than 11 percent of all engineers are women.for the most part, fouad found that what really pushed women out were uncivil workplace climates, the expectation to put in long hours of face time in the office, and the feeling that there was little opportunity to advance.of the women who left the field less than five years ago, two-thirds pursued better opportunities in other fields--72 percent became either managers or executives.one-third said they stayed home with children because their companies didn't settle work-life conflicts.
it is not about making the women more confident or anything.it's really about the climate in the workplace, fouad said.even women who are staying consider leaving because they don't have superior support.they don't have training and development opporttmities.and their colleagues are not civil to them, look down upon them, or talk behind their backs.the findings add weight and context to previous looks at why more women don't go into or don't stay in stem fields.the previous studies tend to explain that women aren't "naturally" smart enough, and that these are careers for men.
furthen ore, fouad makes recommendations to create a good work environment.the problem should be recognized that women aren't leaving just because they want to spend time with their children.they're leaving because of the difficult workplace climate and lack of opportunity to advance.the company, starting from the managers, is supposed to invest in professional training which is beneficial to the women's development and advance.

题目:


as for those students who do not complete their course, the university degree is definitely not worth $ 590,000.

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despite a rapid increase in the number of university graduates, higher education has had little difference since its beginning.

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thanks to online courses, students may approach higher education much more cheaply andconveniently.

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mostly because of the lack of formal recognition, the rates of quitting on moocs have been high.

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questions下列are based on the following passage.
in london, over half of the homes built between 1919 and 1980 had one garage.but many are becoming needless.between 2002 and 2012 the proportion of vehicles kept in garages at night dropped from 22% to 14%.this is in part because some households now have more cars than garage space.but it is also because big modern cars do not fit in older garages, says david leibling, a transport expert.few rust when left outside, and many are more difficult to steal: between 2003 and 2013 the number of vehicle being stolen in england and wales fell 76%.instead, garages now solve a different set of problems.
householders unable to move to larger homes have taken to filling their garages with unnecessary and unwanted things.some garages have been converted for aging parents for their convenience, says paul bishop, who runs a garage conversion company in bedfordshire.also, some young people unable or unwilling to leave home may have an option to live in the garage.in addition, a garage may be rented to young folks fond of music.it is, more often than not, an ideal place to freely play music.
however, many publicly owned garages lie empty.of the 6,000 garages owned by hackney
council, around 40% are free.over 3,000 garages owned by ten housing associations are unused and the land they take up is unfit for building homes upon, says steve o'connell, a councilor at the london assembly.he thinks they could be turned into small offices.that has already happened in places such as berlin.
nevertheless converting garages can be troublesome, says bill hodgson of university college london.few councils are enthusiastic enough to truly support the idea and put it into practice.a recent proposal to turn some garages in north london into shelters for the homeless has been rejected; councillors feared that local residents would not approve.getting planning permission can be complex, and developing on local authority land is often faced with various kinds of problems.like the garages themselves, these plans may be useless and abandoned.

题目:

in the viewpoint of david leibling, many garages are unused for vehicles in that
a.the number of vehicles in the garages being stolen decreases by 76%
b.big modem vehicles are covered with rust when placed in the garages
c.big modem vehicles do not suit older garages
d.some families have more garages than vehicles

题目:

根据下面资料,回答下列题
creative destruction of higher education
a.higher educauon is one of the great successes of the welfare country.what was once the privilege of a few has become a middle-class entitlement, thanks mainly to government support.some 3.5 million americans and 5 million europeans will graduate this summer.in the modern world universities are developing rapidly: china has added nearly 30 million places in 20 years.yet the business has changed little since aristotle taught at the athenian lyceum (雅典学园): young students still gather at a specific time and place to listen to the wisdom of scholars.
b.at present, a revolution has begun, thanks to three forces: rising costs, changing demand and new technology.the result will be the complete change of the university.while the prices of cars, computers and much else have greatly fallen, universities have been able to charge ever more for the same service because they are protected by public funding and the high value employers place on degrees.for two decades the cost of going to college in america has risen by 1.6 percentage points more than inflation every year.
c.for most students, the university remains a great deal.the total lifetime income from obtaining a college degree, in net-present-value (净现值) terms, can increase as much as $ 590,000.but an increasing number of students have gone deep into debt, especially the 47% in america and 28% in britain who do not complete their course.as for them, the degree by no means values for that sum of money.and the government becomes more and more unwilling to fund the university.in america government flmding per student fell by 27% between 2007 and 2012, while average tuition fees, adjusted for inflation, rose by 20%.in britain, tuition fees close to zero two decades ago can reach$15,000 a year.
d.the second factor resulting in change is the labor market.in the standard model of higher education, people go to university in their 20s.a degree is an entry ticket to the professional classes.but automation is beginning to have the same effect on white-collar jobs as it has on blue-collar ones.according to a study from oxford university, 47% of occupations are at risk of being automated in the next few decades.as innovation wipes out some jobs and changes others, people will need to top up their human capital all through their lives.
e) by themselves, these two forces would be pushing change.a third--technology--ensures it.the internet, which has turned businesses from newspapers through music to book sale upside down, will turn over higher education.now the mooc, or "massive open online course", is offering students the chance to listen to star lecturers and get a degree for a fraction of the cost of attending a university.moocs started in 2008; however, they have so far failed to live up to their promise.largely because there is no formal system of accreditation (认证), drop-out rates have been high.but this is changing as private investors and existing universities are drawn in.one provider, coursera, claims over 8 million registered users.though its courses are free, it received its first $1 million in incomes last year after introducing the option to pay a fee of between $ 30 and $100 to have course results certified.another, udacity, has teamed up with att and georgia tech to offer an online master's degree in computing, at less than a third of the cost of the traditional version.harvard business school will soon offer an online "pre-mba" for $1,500.starbucks has offered to help pay, for its staff to take online degrees with arizona state university.
f) moocs will destroy different universities in different ways.not all will suffer.oxford and harvardcould benefit.people of great ambition will always want to go to the best universities to meet eachother, and the digital economy tends to favor a few large institutions in charge of its operation.thebig names will be able to sell their moocs around the world.but ordinary universities may sufferthe fate of many newspapers.were the market for higher education to perform in future as that fornewspapers has done over the past decade or two, universities' incomes would fall by more thanhalf, employment in the industry would drop by nearly 30% and more than 700 institutions wouldshut their doors.the rest would need to adjust themselves to survive.
g) like all revolutions, the one taking place in higher education will have victims.many towns andcities rely on universities.in some ways moocs will further make the difference both amongstudents and among teachers.the talented students will be much more comfortable than the weakeroutside the structured university environment.superstar lecturers will earn a fortune, to the angerof their less charming colleagues.
h) politicians will come under pressure to halt this revolution.they should remember that statesoending should benefit society as a whole, not protect professors from competition.the change of universities will benefit many more people than it hurts.students in the rich world will have access to higher education at lower cost and greater convenience.the flexible nature of moocs appeals to older people who need training.edx, another provider, says that the average age of its online students in america is 31.in the modern world online courses also offer a way for countries like brazil to go ahead western ones and supply higher education much more cheaply.and education has now become a global market: the massachusetts institute of technology discovered battushig myanganbayar, a remarkably talented mongolian teenager, through an online electronics course.
i) rather than maintaining the old model, governments should make the new one work better.they can do so by supporting common standards for accreditation.in brazil, for instance, students completing courses take a government-run exam.in most western countries it would likewise make sense to have a single, independent organization that certifies exams.changing an ancient institution will not be easy.but it does promise better education for many more people.rarely have need and opportunity so neatly come together.

题目:

the introduction of automation affects the labor demand and then brings about the revolution of higher education.

题目:


the author cites mr.cook's words in para.1 in order to
a.show how popular iphone is
b.show how much money apple makes
c.reveal how smart chief executives are
d.reveal how the company is run

题目:


it is implied in the passage that
a.apple's online store of software apps is always busy
b.apple's smartwatch will reduce its dependence on the iphone
c.shifting goods around eats away at amazon's profits
d.the outlook of software-based firms is quite uncertain

题目:

皮影戏(shadow play)是中国古老的民间传统艺术。据史书记载,它始于汉代,盛于唐宋。皮影(shadow puppet)最初由纸制成,后来改由驴皮或牛皮制作,因此而得名。皮影在中国乃至世界上都具有很高的艺术价值,被世界多国博物馆收藏。人们认为陕西的皮影戏最具代表性,西安的书院门文化街(academy gate cultural street)是购买皮影作为纪念品的绝佳之地。

题目:


questions 下列 are based on the following passage.
never before has so much money been made by a single firm in such a short period of time.on january 27th tim cook, the boss of apple, announced that it had made $18 billion in its latest financial quarter.apple's telephone-number-sized profit stenuned largely from sales of its hugely popular iphone, which accounted for over two-thirds of its $ 74.6 billion revenue.chief executives rarely adinit to being shocked by their companies' performance, but mr.cook said it was "hard to comprehend" the extent of the interest in apple's products.he noted that, on average, 34,000 iphones were bought every hour of every day during the latest quarter.
apple is the world's largest company by market capitalisation as well as its most profitable.strikingly, it has risen to greatness using a rather old-fashioned business model: selling highly desirable objects at fat gross margins, which hit almost 40% in the latest quarter.the tech industry has bred numerous software-based firms, such as google and facebook, that don't have to worry about shifting goods around, yet they make much less than the colossus of cupertino.amazon handles lots of physical goods, but loses money.
another thing that sets apple apart from the tech pack is its success in conquering china.while rivals have been frustrated there, apple has just become the largest force in china's smartphone market measured by units shipped, according to canalys, a market-research firm.
any failure in china could hurt apple.the company's overall dependence on the iphone is another risk.but these are early days for the iphone 6, apple's latest device, whose bigger screen takes the finn into the "phab/et" (平板电脑) category of larger phones that are wildly popular with customers.some ifans also point out that apple's share of the smar tphone market is small compared with devices using google's android operating system.so it has plenty of room to grow.
mr.cook said this week that its much-anticipated smartwatch will go on sale in april.tim bajarin of creative strategies, a consulting firm, thinks apple could sell 22m -24m in the first 12 months after the launch, producing billions of dollars of new revenue.sanford c.bernstein, a research firm, reckons the watches will have a higher-than-average gross margin, which predicts good profits.apple should be able to make more money from software and services, too.

题目:


the commercial use of ccs in the power sector was realized in 2014.

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the online projects page and insights page of global ccs institute will provide detailed information on large ccs projects and expert information.

题目:


renewable energy technologies have made great progress, which will help to fight against climate change.

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